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New life old fire station
Examiner: Christer Malmström
Supervisor: Ingela Pålsson Skarin
So, what does a new life for the old fire station mean?
It means that it is possible for a new generation to utilize the Gåsebäck landmark and historical building. The building should be attractive for the investors, for the city, and its inhabitants. The provided opportunities for the development of the building could be considered as a temporary solution for maintaining the history of the Gåsebäck district. Nowadays, the building can be used by a new generation as a place for them to explore their creativity needs, as a place where the start-ups are born, leisure use, and variety of working activities. The proposed design includes spaces for new offices, meeting spaces, student accommodation, and study center, and a sports activities hall. The building has the potential to fulfill the city's needs as the additional space due as there is lack of space for such use. This means that the building will offer new possibilities within an old historical envelope.
Lunar Multi-Corporate Settlement
Lunar settlement has been a hot topic in recent years, and is seen as the next leap in the history of humankind. Although many proposals have been made with regards to lunar living, most of these deal with small-scale habitats, focusing on technological aspects of building and pure survivability in this harsh environment. Such projects deal with a small number of colonists and ignore many human psychological needs, such as isolation and the idea of developing an actual lunar community.
The project at had tries to look at the problem of lunar colonisation from a different perspective, by proposing a solution of long-term rotational living (3-5 years) for a constant, reasonably high population of minimum 3oo scientists, researchers and technicians as part of a corporate initiative in colonising and exploiting the rich rare minerals found on the lunar surface.
The project looks at transforming the idea of living on the moon from a sterile, isolationist engineered ordeal into near home experience. By proposing a social architecture which could mitigate the effects of extra-terrestrial living and transforming life support essentials into amenities.
The project proposes a series of architectural solutions resulting in an ecosystem capable of sustaining life while at the same time dealing with human physical and psychological needs.
It is crucial that the inhabitants of the facility feel as comfortable as possible during their stay, as well as ensuring good physical and mental health, thus facilitating a quality of living resulting in a productive environment.
Production into public space encouraging interaction between individuals and physical activity to water recycling systems that have multiple functions
Transforming life support essentials into amenities
A Home Among the Gumtrees Reimagining suburban Sydney for a hotter future
Supervisors: Maria Rasmussen Ivan Tan
Examiner: Johnny Åstrand
This thesis started with a desire to delve into the impact that natural disasters have on small communities in an Australian context, how climate change is exacerbating their effects and the role that design can play in helping to mitigate their impact on people and the natural environment. Research into bushfires, drought, floods, and heat landed the project in Western Sydney, in an area close to where I grew up. Throughout this process, the project evolved into a dissection of the way that Sydney’s sprawling development is exacerbating the impacts of warming in our environment, creating unliveable and unhealthy neighbourhoods unfit for the future. The suburban sprawl on the fringe of Australian cities is seen elsewhere across the globe. Heralded at the “Great Australian Dream” in the 20th century, home ownership and a quarter acre block of land were synonymous with success, social status and as the ultimate way of living. Today, this mode of development is unsustainable for the growing population and scarce availability of land in cities such as Sydney. Promoting car-centric mobility, worsening the urban heat island effect and creating social isolation, this dream has quickly become a nightmare. So the focus questions developed into; what does suburban living look like in the future in Western Sydney? How can design work to retain the positive attributes of the Australian way of living, but with a sensitivity to the land, to our communities and an appreciation of our limited resources? The design solution rests somewhere between a nostalgia for the dream of a home among the gumtrees, and a critical analysis. The key is that we start to reevaluate our built environment for the future impacts of the climate, in order to improve the quality of life of the community, and for the flora and fauna they live with.
Making stuff - the agency of doing in a context of non-growth
This project has developed from the site and building conditions in an area of central Boden, a town in the inland north of Sweden. In post-war times, the city grew thanks to the military and regional hospital resulting in the development of the site Prästholmen, realized true to the modernistic ideal of the time. Since then, Boden together with its inland neighbours, have struggled against the tides of urbanisation and decline but at Prästholmen we see the marks of this in the footprints. Here, 12 buildings were demolished during the government subsidized demolitions in the end of the 1990’s and since then little has happened in the environment.
One yellow building, the last one of its kind, stands alone, far away from everything else on the site. Today, there is little sympathy for the building in the general area and the likely outcome of its situation is that it too, will be demolished, despite a well-documented housing shortage in the town. This housing shortage might be contradictory to the non-growth context, but it seems like the unstable population condition effects the opportunities for development, leaving an urban environment in deterioration. Understanding this means understanding that there is an urgency in appreciating the existing building stock as an important asset, and in creating conditions giving possibilities for people to develop their surrounding from within, in the vacuum of external actors.
In this project I am dealing with this through the agency of making, or even more broadly- the agency of doing. Through suggesting strategical frameworks, networks and enabling environments as well as visualising possible results, I want to deal with making as a tool of both effecting once surrounding, and as a way of appreciating it.
Ságastallam / Dialogue
The hiker reaches out from the city, town, or village with the intention of being alone. Away from sounds, away from paved roads and houses, away from streetlights and phones, away from people. But what is ‘nature’ and who has the right to it?
The untouched landscape shaped by nothing but earth itself is today hard to find. Human activity is close to everywhere. Even in Sarek National Park, an area of deep narrow valleys, wild rivers, mountains and glaciers, clashes between stakeholders occur. The tourist that wants to explore wild places and experience real wildlife, and the Sami that uses the park as an office. The clash between workplace and leisure is clear. But can architecture achieve symbiosis between the two sides in such a remote location?
The thesis takes its starting point in realistic scenarios, including transportation of material, budgets, laws and regulations, and feedback from real stakeholders. It also zooms in on the off-grid location of the site, its challenges, opportunities, how to construct and maintain a building out there and how to deal with extreme weather, lack of running water, and no electricity among other things.
By marking differences and similarities between Sami cabins for reindeer herding and unmanned tourist cabins in the semi-exploited mountain region of Sweden, there is a possibility to create social encounters between them in the form of a common cabin in the area. The cabin aims to address both the tourist’s and the reindeer herder’s needs, while having a strong connection to both Sami culture and mountain tourism, on smallest possible footprint.
EN VARIERAD BY FÖR ALLA
Lilla Harrie Verkstad – från industri till bostadsområde
Handledare: Laura Liuke
Examinator: Johnny Åstrand
Allt fler väljer att bosätta sig utanför städerna. De centrala bostäderna blir allt dyrare och allt fler prioriterar att bo nära naturen i en mindre och mer intim gemenskap under förutsättningen att det finns bra pendlingsmöjligheter och lättillgängliga samhällsfunktioner.
Lilla Harrie tillhör Kävlinge kommun och är en liten kyrkby med cirka 300 invånare och består främst utav friliggande villor och barnfamiljer. Byn är belägen på en sluttande höjd, omringat av ett frodigt åkerlandskap och lummig vegetation längst med Kävlingeån i söder.
En stor del av byns centrala yta upptas av Lilla Harrie Verkstad som tillverkade jordbruksredskap under 1900-talet men sedan företaget gick i konkurs har industrilokalerna varit oanvända och inhängande. Skåne har Sveriges bästa åkermarker därför är det viktigt att utnyttja redan bebyggd mark vid exploatering av landsbygden.
Min vision är att transformera industriområdet till hållbart bostadsområde där variationen av typologier, funktioner och ytor med olika kvaliteter ska bidra till att attrahera en bredare målgrupp och framkalla ökad mångfald. Varav variationen av volymer, material och färg ska väva samman det nya bostadsområdet med den existerande bebyggelsen och generera en förenad byutveckling.
Hospitality – Hälsofrämjande omvandling av utemiljön på Lunds lasarett
Lunds sjukhusområde är ett stort och avskärmat område mitt i Lunds stad. Utemiljön domineras av bilar, hårdlagda ytor och saknar en mångfald av grönska, mötes- och sittplatser. Enligt enkätundersökningar gjorda inför det här projektet upplevs området som ogästvänligt och svårorienterat. Hur kommer det sig att ett område vars huvudsyfte är att läka, lägger så lite omsorg på utemiljön?
I projektet föreslås en omvandling av områdets utemiljö som bättre ska främja hälsa hos patienter, besökare och personal. Gestaltningsförslaget grundas på forskning inom ämnet hälsofrämjande arkitektur, egen läsning av platsen, en fallstudie av gamla sjukhusområdet samt enkätundersökningar bland en skara personal och övriga brukare. Beskrivningen av gestaltningsförslaget börjar med ett helhetsgrepp över området och landar i utvalda platser.
En omvandling av sjukhusområdet medför inte bara fördelar för personal och patienter, utan alla som vistas i eller passerar området. Med tanke på områdets storlek och dess centrala läge i staden blir omvandlingen och integreringen desto viktigare.
Namnet Hospitality beskriver ambitionen med projektet väl - precis som ordets betydelse ämnar projektet ge en välkomnande känsla hos de som vistas på platsen genom en utemiljö där människan hamnar i fokus, inte bilar.
Huset på ängen
Examinator: Per-Johan Dahl
Handledare: Johnny Åstrand
Mitt examensarbete är en undersökning på hur ett nutida generationsboende kan utformas samt vilka sociala utbyten det kan bidra till. Syftet är att gestalta ett fritidshus i form av ett generationsboende ur ett socialt och hållbart perspektiv. Huset är beläget på en befintlig gård ute på Värmlandsnäs och ska ge utrymme för fyra familjer.
För att skapa en större förståelse kring generationsboende har inspiration hämtats från det historiska hemmet på svenska landsbygden. För att sedan förstå hur ett nutida generationsboende kan utformas genomfördes tidigt i projektet en behovsanalys med användarna. Med hjälp av intervjustudien skapades en större förståelse för möjligheterna och begränsningarna med generationsboendet. Intervjustudien har även varit till hjälp ur arkitektoniskt hänseende, vilket har varit värdefullt och avgörande för husets gestaltning.
Platsen och dess förutsättningar har likväl varit en viktig aspekt för husets utformning. Husets koppling till platsen och fastighetens befintliga byggnader har varit en central del i projektet. Projektets undersökningar med platsanalys och uppmätningar har varit avgörande för att lyckas skapa förutsättningar för god arkitektur.
Målet har varit att skapa ett generationsboende som gynnar samvaro för olika generationer. Med en arkitektur som uppmuntrar till möten i gemensamma ytor och samtidigt erbjuder möjligheten att dra sig undan till privata utrymmen.
This thesis seeks to explore the design of a typology that can enhance healing qualities in the urban structure. Our modern fast-paced lifestyle has a big impact on our mental well-being and our stress levels are constantly high. Our feelings are continuously exposed to different external factors. This minimizes our ability to understand and process them and to finally get through a stressful time. This recurrent phenomenon can lead to the formation of mental illness. Knowing this, we can observe the psychological mechanisms of a person with this experience and get to the root of the idea behind healing architecture typology. Through this study of already existing typologies with a healing purpose, the project will search for architectural solutions in a city environment. The spatial intervention will be introduced on the edge of a green and urban context and will be available for anyone who would like to participate in it. The proposal is designed as such, so it could be a regularly visited place where you can go to get a mental pressure release. The outcome of my research is that I have designed 3 structures placed on the edge of an easily accessible park and housing area of Copenhagen. Each structure will be an exploration of different healing approaches for mental well-being. The architecture will work as a framework for peaceful and purposeful activities. The first typology will focus on the idea of healing through tranquillity, stillness, sensory stimulation, and different levels of privacy. The second one will work with ideas around the soothing walk, its velocity, and the iteration of the spatial experience. The last one will explore the therapeutic features of sunbathing. This thesis, by investigating different architectural spaces, is not supposed to find a perfect solution to mental pressure. Rather, its aim is to explore the various outcomes and, by understanding the importance of mental well-being in modern society, propose the methods of mind relaxation for the majority of people.
Fra kul til kultur
Transformation of the Svanemølle Power Station into cultural destination.
Svanemøllen Power Station was built in 1953 on the Northern Harbor in Copenhagen. With its iconic 100m chimneys and three brick volumes, the power station is an important piece of the Copenhagen skyline and a well-known icon for the northern residents of the Danish capital. Currently, the Svanemølleværket provides power and district heating in the northern area of Copenhagen, but as part of the energy grid changes, the power plant is set to be shut down in 2024. There are currently plans for the Technical Museum of Denmark to be hosted in this iconic site - a private institution with a very specific narrow audience. But what does Copenhagen really need in such an important place?
This project analyses the Svanemølleværket building and its immediate context and explores an alternative program aiming to unlock the real potential of the site as the missing piece and connector between Northern Copenhagen, Østerbro and Nordhavn, not just physically but also culturally. The project proposes a new mix-use development with spaces for collaboration, innovation, living, culture, arts and entertainment. All via a refurbishment of the existing buildings creating a more open and inviting place for all while preserving the main character of the building.
The future of Hästbergadammen
Restoration and re-purposing of an abandoned hydroelectric powerplant
Examiner: Christer Malmström
Supervisor: Ingela Pålsson Skarin
Hästbergadammen is an abandoned hydroelectric powerplant located in the north-east part of Skåne. In 2010 the dam wall supporting the water reservoir of the powerplant collapsed and over one million cubic meters of water flooded Helge å. No one was seriously injured, but the material damage was significant, destroying a bridge, roads, and damaging properties in the area.
The future of the site has been unclear ever since the accident, whether to create a natural reserve or to rebuild the powerplant again is still in question. Today the case of rebuilding the powerplant is being evaluated by the Land and Environment Court.
The landowners of the area still have not gotten any closure after the accident. They want something different than the two alternatives mentioned. They are suggesting keeping the local cultural heritage by preserving the old buildings and natural rivers.
Given that it has been more than ten years since the accident, nature has started to take over the site. Where there used to be 10 meters of water there is now land-grown greenery, and the natural river has returned bringing along a greater biodiversity. The river is used by canoeists, and the site is in connection to two hiking trails, one being the popular Skåne trail and the other is the local Vieå trail.
This thesis aims to transform and re-purpose the site for public use and give back a monumental place to the people. The site represents a part of Sweden´s industrial history, as well as the event of a dam failure. The goal is to activate the site by making use of the infrastructural value. Through this thesis it explores the meeting between the existing structures and the new suggested design. It aims to improve the quality of the site by providing social and architectural values. It is a space for exploring and learning, while also taking a rest to appreciate the history and surrounding nature.
Óli Geir Kristjánsson
Examiner: Christer Malmström
Supervisor: Maria Rasmussen
External supervisor: Kristján Örn Kjartansson
Our decisions from the past affect the present time. The same is true of the decisions we make today. How do we want to see our local environment in the future? In the western part of Iceland there is an island called Brákarey. Brákarey is connected via bridge to the town of Borgarnes. Brákarey has played a variety of roles over the past years, but transport of people and goods was one of its biggest roles. Iceland is a sparesly populated country with about 364.000 inhabitants on an island that covers 101.000 km2 which is about 140% larger than Denmark with its 5.8 million inhabitants. Transport has therefore been an important part of Iceland's history and Brákarey played exactly one of these key roles by connecting the Capital, Reykjavík, to the western and northern parts of the country. At that time, ships docked at the harbor in Brákarey until a road was laid from Reykjavík which then took over the main role in terms of transport of people and goods.
Brákarey has in the recent years decayed due to lack of maintenance and its future has been a lot in the spotlight. The inhabitant’s feelings towards the island are strong so the history, the materiality and the inhabitant’s connection are the keys to a succesful repurpose of the area.
The aim of this project is to introduce facilities for current and future activities and users of the island by maintaining the characteristics, historical buildings, the open access, the unobstructed views, the rich outdoor life and the rough materiality. This project and its facilities will focus on wellness for body and soul on a broad scale in spectacular surroundings. Leisure activities such as sea swimming, dock fishing, canoe sailing, jogging and hiking are already practiced on site and will be united in these new surroundings.
The harbor of Brákarey will be the main area to be discussed, but a strategic plan for the island as a whole will be presented.
Neighborhood As A Living Organism Looking At Territories-In-Between Rural And Urban
Case Study Lund, Brunnshög
To encounter the ambiguity of the contemporary understanding of neighborhood, we must fundamentally view the concept from a broad historical and global perspective. A neighborhood should be understood as an organism; this whole organism is alive, constantly changing, and its structure is fluid. The way people live and create community has changed with all the social and technological changes in the last century. This study intends to look for patterns in micro-behavior that evolve, shift, and emerge as macro-behavior. In this regard, it chooses the neighborhood scale as an understandable benchmark. The neighborhood changes like a dynamic organism depending on how people interact with it.
The project explores new strategies as a necessity for shaping future neighborhoods in territories between rural and urban, aiming to increase individual responsibility by providing more opportunities for negotiation. Neighborhood is seen as an incentive process leading to self-organized collaboration and participation of residents. Case study methodology is used to generate an in-depth, multi-faceted understanding of the complexity. However, the approach is not intended to be overly solution-oriented or context-specific but develops principles to relate the topic to other similar contexts. Scandinavian cities are stimulating when considering settlement patterns because large tracts of land predominantly surround them. The study focuses on southern Sweden and looks specifically at the city of Lund. In Skåne, the primary structure that connects it to its history is the act of farming, which has remained active for many years. As Lund grows, how can it adapt to agricultural conditions without destroying the surrounding farmland entirely?
The proposal presents a morphological and pattern design intervention as its technique to enable new forms of experience, dialog, and awareness about the design of future neighborhoods. The design intervention is used as a placeholder concept that allows for the exploration of further alternatives.
Vernacular Revival: An approach to preservation of vernacular architecture of ‘Tày’ ethnic minority in Vietnam
Minh Do Quang
Examiner: Jesper Magnusson
Vietnam is a country consisted of 54 distinctive ethnic groups scattering from the North to the South, each possesses a distinguished culture and vernacular architecture. Among them, ‘Tày’ ethnic minority group usually resides in small villages in mountainous Northern Vietnam. Their traditional architecture -‘Stilt house’ is not only sustainable, climate-responsive but also speaks their customs and habits. However, it has been a remarkable change in the housing landscape of the villages due to the introduction of new urban architecture from the city. Industrial materials like concrete, steel gradually have replaced traditional ones like bamboo, wood, and palm leaves. Many people believe that those modern houses copied from the city represent development and prosperity. Nevertheless, it poses a threat to the traditional vernacular architecture which has been used for hundreds of years, adapted to the local environment. The question is how this vernacular architecture exists in modern society? How to encourage ethnic minorities to live in their traditional architecture while adapting to a modern lifestyle? Starting from studying the traditional house of ‘Tày’ people to referencing case studies of conservation models in Sweden, this project proposes a preservation master plan for the village along with contemporary vernacular typology designs.
Shelter from the Storm
Examiner: Johnny Åstrand
Supervisor: Laura Liuke
Global warming is going to be a major problem in the future. The increase in sea surface temperatures will lead to more frequent droughts and more intense storms. This will put vulnerable people at risk. We need to have a plan of action to be able to recover from these disasters and move forward with as little disruption to livelihoods as possible. A strategy for disaster housing that works is needed. There have been many examples of disaster housing solutions before that have been inadequate and unsustainable. These projects highlight the importance of initial planning and future proofing the temporary house by making it site specific. Puerto Rico frequently experiences both hurricanes and earthquakes putting it eligible for a project like this. The last devastating hurricane was Hurricane Maria in 2017 which is said to be the most deadly storm to have ever hit the Caribbean islands. It caused 65 deaths and is estimated to have caused $ 90 000 000 of damage. Statistically women are most at risk after a natural disaster. They are the most vulnerable group in society and their needs are often overlooked or simply not highlighted when designing disaster housing. A solution focused on women’s needs could be especially beneficial in Puerto Rico as the Island has a history of gender violence. Statistics currently show that on average one woman dies a week due to gender based violence in Puerto Rico. On Sunday the 24th of January 2021 Puerto Rico declared a state of emergency on gender based violence. I am looking into how an intervention that seeks to alleviate women’s needs and livelihood after a disaster would be a beneficial way of designing disaster housing. The temporary housing could also be used as permanent housing for women in Puerto Rico trying to escape domestic violence.
The time continues Site: Uijeongbu-si, South Korea
The study is about architecture which helps restore disconnected relationship. The site is an empty military base which had been occupied by the U.S army right after the Korean War and has been physically and emotionally disconnected from the city and the citizen. The aim of the design is to encourage people to revitalize the lost connection by spending time in the architecture. In accordance with the concept, the architecture design provides a walkable environment with various circulations. As a key concept, continuity penetrates the whole design. Spatial elements of the design offer an opportunity for visitors to stay in the space by controlling speed of them. Relation with space is recovered when the visitors create both physical and temporal flow. It allows the link which was broken in the past to continue. Library, contemporary cultural platform, is proposed as the program. The library in the design is defined as a place to furnish spaces for visitors to share their experience and to form a society. It also provides spaces for visitors to enjoy a variety of cultural programs and to develop themselves as well as to acquire information as a traditional activity of library. That is, the visitors can relish the spaces and atmosphere of the architecture.
“Architecture, Cinema and Shared Human Experience”
This thesis aims to draw parallels between architecture and cinema. Architecture and cinema, creative disciplines which both demand thorough attention to detail in regard to space, form, light, time and material (in order to achieve desired outcomes and emotions felt by the observer), have more in common than one might first imagine. By comparing distinguished architects and filmmakers throughout history, we begin to understand how intentionality in design and the manipulation of senses inevitably make profound impacts on our human experiences.
I will first begin highlighting the use of common architecture principals leveraged in cinema by looking at the oeuvres of revered film directors Kogonada (South Korea), Sergei Eisenstein (Russia) and Michelangelo Antonioni (Italy); pioneers of architecture referenced in this dissertation include: Auguste Choisy and Le Corbusier (France). By emphasizing how montage, temporal design and architectural promenade are utilized across domains, the shared importance of creating experiences through “the eye of the beholder” emerges. When we are purposeful in changing one’s point of view, transformation occurs, shifting how we once saw things before.
These findings are given real-life application in my personal design of a summer home in Mývatn, Iceland. Staged in a volcanic lake, this home offers a multitude of different vantage points, each of which serves as an offering of unique observation and understanding. Within this home exists a shared understanding that much like in architecture and cinema, perception of reality is often merely one perspective among a kaleidoscope of different possibilities, leaving the question: ‘what will our contributions in design inspire the next generation to believe is possible?’
An explorative discussion about the role of architecture as a tool of age integration
While being a society that improves its life quality so much that life expectancy increases, our relation to other generations is quite unbalanced. Age is a major factor that decides in our lives if we should be in school, work or have reached the point of retirement. This demographic factor which has been introduced to us not even 300 years ago, defines and separates us in a quite dramatic way, not only mentally but also spatially. Why is ageism such a diffused discrimination and why does it create age segregation?
Naturally we grow older and will change in the course of our life our spot in society. We start off as children, become teenagers, grow eventually adult and at some point we will be part of the elderly. If the course of time cannot be changed, why do we have this strong feeling of separation between us and another age groups - to the point that we are lonely even when inhabiting the same space? We have been or will eventually live through all the phases, so can we act in our own interest and create an age integrated society with the help of architecture?
The problem of age separation has been tackled and discussed in the field of architecture, but not in a holistic way. It is not enough to create islands in the city that are age integrated, rather a new way of thinking should be introduced. This thesis consists in an explorative discussion about age, its role in society and how architecture can possibly be a tool of age integration. There are no absolute answers – otherwise this problem would not exist, but rather suggestions, additional questions and a discovery of the positive aspects of living together. Age integration should be a premise in any architectural planning!
Where do children learn?
Victoria Restrepo Giraldo
A crucial part of our social construction, education and its space, has changed and is adapting to new knowledge and studies to improve the quality of the learning process.
Space should represent the values and growth of society. The changing mindset does not mean that we deny or forget theories, strategies and resources that we have developed throughout history, but that we modify and reshape them based on new data and new lifestyles.
As architects, we have developed amazing and innovative spaces, but somehow these over-designed strategies lead us to an unfinished space where users always need something different.
When learning spaces are linked to new rhythms and transformations of our systems, the designed space must function as a physical translation of this evolution, helping to incorporate factors such as sustainability, collectivity, technology and adaptability.
This thesis is a journey through pedagogical theories, spatial strategies and a vision of inclusive learning experiences for children in urban environments. An analytical tool that recognises the importance of learning part of the world aims at a more inclusive space for kids within the urban fabric.
Building ahead: Prototyping urbanism at Lövholmen in Stockholm
Examiner: Johnny Åstrand
Supervisor: Laura Like
My project sets off in the exploration of public spaces and new programmes emerging after the COVID-19 pandemic.
The way we look at functions such as offices and retail has changed a lot during the past year. How will an office function compared to working from home? How will stores and retail function compared to e-commerce?
I believe that the way we use these programmes will change, and together with them, the public spaces of our cities. What is emerging is more flexibility and temporary uses. And with that, a demand for new services and active public spaces. With increased flexibility and activity, the line between workplaces and services is blurred. This I will bring with me when designing a public building and an urban development.
The site for my degree project is Lövholmen in Stockholm, an old industrial site of disused factory buildings. The City of Stockholm is now conducting an urban renewal project of the site and my aim is to propose a vision of a prototyping development. I’m seeking to mix the existing activities and identity of the site, together with the emerging new programmes and uses. My project looks to explore the site through the activity of different users and its role in a wider context.
Beijing old town regeneration
In the development of Beijing’s old town: When the outdated housing facilities conflict with the needs of contemporary life, people use rude methods: Demolish the local traditional houses and rebuild the buildings to solve this problem. The replacement of traditional housing forms also means the disappearance of local culture.
How old houses can be changed to meet the needs of contemporary people? How old houses can retain and develop their own characteristics while meeting contemporary needs?
What to restore, what to change, what to develop are key issues in the regeneration of Beijing’s old city.
I take these three issues as the starting point, taking a shared courtyard house in Beijing’s old city as an example, to explore the combination of historical value and modern needs.
The ”Formgivning” of Domus, Kristianstad
The word ”formgivning” means “design” in Sweden, which means to give a form that has not yet been given. Today, we can see many architects act like a designer rather than an architect. They actually give a physical form to buildings rather than give a “lifestyle” to the city and people. Architectures suddenly become sculptures like David, Venus De Milo, and Manneken Pis. Modern architecture has a passion to escape from historical architectural styles and try to invent something purely functional and new. With the development of engineering technologies and building materials, modernist architecture becomes wild and unstoppable, creating buildings fighting against the built context. As a side effect of this careless and barbarous “formgivning”, many cities around the world start to lose their identity and so do their citizens. One of these victims is Kristianstad.
Kristianstad won the prize "the city center of the year 2014". But the city trade in the city center is rather a problem today. Many stores have left the city center and people believe that it is the shopping center Galleria Boulevard where the problem rests. The situation has been worsening since C4 Shopping opened in Hammar just a little bit outside of the city center. Today, empty rooms start to dominate the city center. This report seeks an understanding of the problematic situation that may be caused by the shopping mall Galleria Boulevard and demonstrates a transformation of this area with the help of Jan Gehl’s theory about people-centered design.
Building with Pollution
Examiner: David Andreen
Tutor: Gediminas Kirdeikis
Black carbon is an ever-increasing global issue and one of this generation’s key environmental problems. Black carbon, also known as soot, is a highly polluting substance, it is the second most polluting agent after the carbon dioxide. It consists of pure carbon in several forms and it is formed through the incompliance combustion of fossil fuel, bio fuel and biomass. It is transported through air movements and wind but also it can travel through rain and snow. The positive thing about BC is that it stays in the atmosphere for only several days or weeks, whereas carbon dioxide’s atmospheric lifetime is about 100 years. The elimination of black carbon from the atmosphere can have a huge impact on the environment, as well as peoples’ health. Because of its short lifespan the results from its elimination can be seen after only couple of months.
BC does not endanger only the big cities; it is a threat to the polar caps. Every day it can travel thousands of kilometers from where it is being produce to the Arctic, Himalayas and the Antarctica. BC being black, absorbs a huge amount of solar radiation and even a small amount of soot on snow or ice will makes it melt much faster. The polar caps are the biggest reflective surface on Earth. Once BC is deposited on surface with high albedo such as snow and ice, its partials reduce the total albedo available to reflect solar energy back into space. Reduced snow albedo will increase surface temperature which will decrease the snow-covered area and it will cause the ice caps to melt way faster.
The project is based in Svalbard as one of the most populated regions in the Arctic circle. It consists of two main phases – phase 1 based in Grumant is where the collection station will be located. That is where the ambient air will be cleaned out of BC, which will be than collected and later mixed with other building materials in order to create building blocks. Phase 2 is located in Longyearbyen about 11 km (straight line) from Grumant. Here a new research center and a museum will be built from the building elements made out of the collected BC. The building will be built in stages depending on the amount of BC collected. It will be a statement and a red flag to this ever-increasing global issue. The building will be first among many built with pollution around the world and if they continue to grow than the problem is still to be resolved.