Presentations for degree projects are public and due to current rules and recommendations the presentation will take place in Zoom.
If you would like to take part in the presentation you have to register for the Zoom meeting by e-mail.
State your name, day and presentation you would like to attend and send your e-mail to:
Juvicsa.Vela@abm.lth.se (weekdays 8-17) and she will come back to you with the Zoom-link.
Albania is a Mediterranean country which underwent its most difficult times during the communist regime, where the dictator Enver Hoxha ruled the country with an iron fist for 40 years. His policies exercised brutal Marxist-Leninist tactics and ideologies which resulted on imposing a dreadful totalitarian regime upon the Albanian people.
Under the regime of Enver Hoxha, Albanian people lived in constant fear and paranoia. Hoxha’s isolationist policies culminated in the “bunkerization project” the construction of over 700.000 bunkers all over the country. A great financial and human cost to the nation. Today Albanians are living with the complicated and painful legacy of the regime, surrounded by bunkers.
Struggling to make a transition from the painful and difficult traces of its past communist regime, today Albanians are finding new ways of co-existing and reusing the 700.000 bunkers which dot the whole landscape.
This thesis focuses on the collective memory of Albanians and investigates their relation to the bunkers. How do Albanians relate to the bunkers? What meaning do they carry and how did that change overtime? How do Albanians co-exist with these structures?
And most importantly can these structures become a mediator or a metaphor of Albanians traumatic past and a possible brighter future, in coexistence with the bunkers?
This thesis and report are based on theoretical research on the socio-phycological impact of painful/contested culture heritage and aims to reflect upon possibilities of reinvigorating the meaning of the bunkers in relation with the landscape and the Albanian’s collective memory.
The main outcome of the thesis is the “Project Bunker” film, which aims to stimulate attention to aspects that matter, rise questions and perhaps answer some, it also intends to authentically express and transmit the experience I personally had during my visit in Albania and in some way to allow the audience enter my thought process.
Queering a fascist heritage
Observe! This presentation will take place 15/9 at 13:00!
In this thesis I have tried to understand the great complexity in Italian fascist architecture. The monumental structures with an oppressive heritage, celebrated as architectural masterpieces. This contradiction of architecture as a political profession, alongside the importance of a high aesthetic value, felt necessary to explore and I think it is concentrated into the fascist monument Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana. A monument built with the intention to host an exhibition celebrating 20 years of fascism is now, 80 years later, rented by the luxury fashion brand Fendi due to its mesmerizing aesthetic design. This notion intrigued me to explore if it is possible to find a practical method generating a critical discussion about architecture and its complex hybridity.
When does architecture become fascist and is it possible to demonstrate the fascist legacy by manipulating its architecture?
To discuss the hybridity of architecture I am highly influenced by queer theory and its acknowledge of the neglected, also called the invisible aspects of architecture. In the search for an intersectional and critical process, I have explored architecture through the eyes of several disciplines, through theory studies alongside experimental practices, such as art installations, architectural interventions and toys. Always trying to bring the invisible, in this case the fascism, out of the already built form.
Sweden - Rethinking shoping malls/Malmö
Finding a new identity for shopping malls Explorative research on how we can re-adapt the shopping malls in Sweden The increasing popularity and success of online shopping have a growing impact on physical stores and shopping malls. Digitalization and changes in consumer behaviour are the main reasons behind the increasing amount of vacant spaces in the malls, which could potentially lead to permanent closure. Malls used to be “hang out” places for teenagers and families where they would spend their free time, but this is no longer the case. The USA has already experienced “the death of the shopping mall” where hundreds of malls were left abandoned, demolished, and in few cases re-purposed. How can we prevent this from happening in Sweden? This thesis explores the ideas of finding a new identity for the shopping malls in Sweden, more fitted to the lifestyle that we live today. There is a growing demand for non-commercial indoor public spaces that can be used for gatherings, especially during the colder and darker months of the year. The commercial program that malls offer is no longer as attractive as it once was, hence why different functions should be introduced that are more beneficial for the cities and their communities.
How do abandoned buildings become an interactive space that is in flux?
The objective of this research is to develop a system of glass modules that produce an
immersive experience of light that transforms our spatial perception of the Trapiche
Barnabé in Salvador, Brazil. This intervention of natural light and refractive materials in
adaptive reuse become a space for interaction and perception on urban recycling issues
Teaching the social value of waste picking and protection of the environment is a
struggle for the Catadores “informal waste pickers”. This project aims to support their
role in society through exploring the flux of materials and transforming their life cycle
using light as a tool to challenge our perception and the way we see objects. It is a
laboratory for waste transformation and prevention.
Structural color is the result of selective light reflection and absorption of light, the color
is determined geometry of of the structure and scattering of light occurs at interfaces
between materials of different refractive indexes. Norwegian neurophysiologist Arne
Valberg states “reflection properties of surfaces relative to their surround are more
important for color vision than the actual spectral distribution reaching the eyes”.
This thesis explores how form can be assembled to fabricate an ephemeral
construction of volume and color to involve people to play and imagine as a
part of collective history of the urban fabric.
SAVING VILA VALENTE
In response to Loures Municipal Council’s recent proposal for redeveloping the Vila Valente Quarter of Moscavide, an area that is in urgent need of intervention, by demolishing, starting from scratch and relocating its vulnerable residents, this Master’s Thesis challenges our responsibilities as architects when it comes to community development, especially with respect to marginalised society. We understand that in Henri Lefebvre’s ‘conceived space’ an architect’s work consists of abstract concepts and exclusive codes. Its products are the objects of traditional architecture, reinforcing the very concepts used time and again in planning and development. In contrast, Lefebvre’s ‘lived space’ is about the collective experience of people and is characterised by users’ engagement and experience on site. The ‘lived space’ can be characterised by the constant changes and evolutions in everyday spaces and creates places that feel alive and have a strong spirit of place. In traditional architectural methods these two spaces are often considered as two separate entities. The manifesto, a product of this study, looks at ways in which design, building and use can consider the conceived and lived spaces simultaneously, in order to create a dynamic process including the physical and the social realms, and forming a dialectical whole, so that redevelopment can take place while also preserving the spirit of place and thus Saving Vila Valente.
Keywords: spirit of place; lived space; integrated perspective; evolving sequence; dynamic process; community; placemaking; alive
TRANSFORMING THE 80’S
-Architectural and programmatic strategies for transformation of 80’s office buildings.
The covid pandemic has put light on a trend of office buildings experiencing more vacancy than ever before, given our working habits have been forced to shift from occurring predominantly in an office to mainly being pursued from our private homes. This project foresees a future where working remotely has become the new normal and proposes a residential program in an existing office structure, giving room for an alternative working and living lifestyle.
In that light, the starting point of this project is a research of office buildings from the 80’s in Stockholm. These buildings experienced a vacancy even before the pandemic and are set to be demolished in several areas to make room for new housing. From a mindset of being more open to what buildings we are considering transformable, this thesis is exploring programmatic and architectural strategies to transform rather than demolish office buildings from the 80’s. Specifically, the project is proposing a hybrid building with housing as core function in an existing office building at Stora Essingen in Stockholm.
By keeping a majority of the facade and the existing building structure in the transformation, a secondary function is proposed where the “home office” moves out from our private apartment into the common areas of the building, taking advantage of the deep building core. The architectural interventions of the building are focused towards changing the qualities of the common “home office” and allows for punctual architectural interventions, letting the apartments make use of the existing windows and facade.
Through this, the project visualizes a future where demolition is avoided and dwellings have to occur in transformed buildings. The architecture and the program has to adapt to the existing structure and in this proposal having a future of a remote working lifestyle in mind.